Main focus on: culture&history
Sightseeing: We will drive to Lake Peipsi - one of the largest lakes in Europe. The lake has very significantly affected the life of the people living on the shore. In this one region we will meet three different cultures - Russian Orthodox Old Believers, traces of the German barons era, and Estonian cultural history. Russian Old Believers who in the 17th century became separated from the official Russian Orthodox Church and emigrated to Estonia, live in their unique one-street village trying to preserve their religion, history and traditions. A magnificent manor house – the Alatskivi Castle – offers a glimpse into the life of German barons in the 1870s. The third side of the region shows the life of Estonian peasants in the 19th century and introduces the literary heritage of Juhan and Jakob Liiv.
Walking distance: 2-3 very short walks (~200-300 m)
Clothes: casual (most visits are indoors), ladies need a scarf to cover the head while visiting the church of Old Believers (if possible then it is recommended that no one is wearing shorts either)
Dinner: Estonian cuisine (3 courses)
More detailed description
Alam-Pedja Nature Reserv & Vooremaa Landscape Reserv
Main focus on: nature
Sightseeing: The Estonian territory (45,215.4 sq. km.) is about the same size as Denmark's or Holland's, but its population is only 1.4 million. Therefore a lot of natures beauty is preserved here. Forest covers over one half of Estonia and one third of forests are protected areas. Meadows in Estonia are rich in different species much more so than in Western Europe and when we are travelling around the countryside we can discover the variety and colour of the roadside meadows. Estonia is a country of thousand of lakes, there are about 1200 natural lakes whose water area exceeds 1 ha. About one fifth of Estonia is covered with marshes and bogs and most of these are located in the central and eastern parts of the country. We can see all this variety of the nature while visiting 2 protected areas.
The Nature Reserve of Alam-Pedja is dedicated to the protection of vast areas of wetlands and water meadows. A large portion of the reserve is taken up by wetlands: bogs with small stunted pines and isolated drylands, fens and transitional bogs, where cranberries and cloudberries grow in abundance. Riverside water meadows with their flora and fauna are also fascinating.
The Vooremaa Landscape Reserve is characterised by large drumlins (as it is also called the ‘Drumlin Country’ in Estonian). There are18 clear-shaped drumlins, 2.5-5 km in length, 0.5-0.8km in width and 20-40m in height with ten beautiful oblong lakes between them, biggest lake is Lake Saadjärv. Vooremaa, more than any other place in Estonia, is connected with stories of the national folk hero Kalevipoeg and the drumlins are locally called the furrows of Kalevipoeg.
Walking distance: 1 long walk (5 km) and some short walks, climbing to a lookout tower
Clothes: casual, comfortable shoes for a longer walk, long-sleeved shirt, long pants, hat, raincoat (mostly outdoors)
Dinner: Estonian cuisine (2 courses)
More detailed description